The First Amendment protects all individuals' right to religious liberty. The right to practice any religion - or no religion at all - is among the most fundamental of the freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
The United States is the most religiously diverse nation in the world. Americans belong to over 1,500 different religious bodies and sects. We're also a devout nation, with research indicating that more than 90% of Americans profess a belief in God. While other countries experience constant civil unrest stemming from religious differences, the United States has never suffered this type of conflict. The ACLU believes this is a result of the separation of church and state required by the First Amendment.